Self-Discipline for Westerners.
As an Iyengar Yoga teacher, I’m often at odds with Western depictions of what yoga is and what it’s about. The following posts are my attempt to set out what I have learned about Yoga from classes and reading in the library at RIMYI, through November 2016*. To start with, there’s a fundamental issue I want to explore and that is our skewed Western view of the purpose of humility and respect.
At RIMYI, the Iyengar Yoga Institute in Pune, you’ll often hear Geetaji use the phrase, “You people” to us Westerners during one of her famous discourses when one of us has behaved like an idiot in class. It’s true – when we arrive most of us just don’t get it, and the learning curve is very steep.
Take the crazy traffic as an example. The rule seems to be: keep moving, don’t waver and pedestrians, never step backwards – someone could easily be squeezing through the gap behind you. No one stops at roundabouts with the “After you” attitude of the British give way system. Anyone who wavers causes problems for everyone else and I’ve seen dogs, cattle, pigs, hand carts loaded with all sorts, street sweepers (women in lovely saris with a long wispy broom) wandering up and down the roads quite safely while lorries, cars, motor bikes and scooters, often with several people on them including children and babies, are doing things you’d get arrested for in the UK. It might seem undisciplined and dangerous but I bet if anyone causes an accident he/she will gather an angry crowd in seconds for displaying such stupidity.
The practice hall in the Institute is a sacred place where for over 40 years Iyengar Yoga teaching has been developed, practiced and freely given. All the yoga props you see around the world today – wall ropes, bricks, belts, the trestler etc– and their therapeutic use in yoga, originated here, from hours of experimentation and refinement carried out in this room and in the small library below by BKS Iyengar, his family and his team of senior teachers. Why? Because in the beginning, Yoga is about healing, and they wanted to “help people who could not do”.
Today, the city of Pune and it’s 2.5 million inhabitants (about the size of Greater Manchester) has four or five generations of Iyengar Yoga students and teachers. The daily classes in the two practice rooms are filled to capacity. My sister Rachel and & I observe classes whenever we can – childrens, beginners, seniors, intermediate 1 and 2. The rigour and discipline are eye-watering to soft Westerners, poses often performed completely without props, except for a sticky mat. (The Seniors use bolsters and belts to ‘help them do’, to sit straight, or to raise their arms.) The classes are strong, quick and detailed; every instruction is delivered from ‘a very straight bat’. The locals love it, and their love and respect for the Iyengars and their teachers is clearly evident. In the world-famous Medical classes, Iyengar Yoga and props come together and are used with years of skill and experience, providing relief and respite to those who need help.
But some of the Westerners don’t seem to get it. During general classes, if you make a mistake, the length of the tirade will depend on your ability to explain what you were doing and why: in other words, your level of stupidity in not acting on instructions. In taking it upon ourselves to do something different, are we suggesting we know better than Geetaji? We are teachers – we go back to our countries and pass these instructions and our attitude on to others. To bear the Iyengar name, our teaching must be of the highest quality to instruct our students safely and appropriately.
Indian culture is rich with gods and rituals. Humility, homage, respect are naturally and unselfconsciously displayed by people here. Discipline doesn’t need to be rigorously applied – the Institute isn’t festooned with notices telling us what we can and cannot do – because if you behave with humility, pay attention and show respect, there’s not a lot of need for reminders. But Western stupidity knows no bounds, apparently. Last week a group of Westerners ate a picnic in the practice hall between classes. That’s as bad as bringing your shoes into the Institute. Self-discipline and appropriate behaviour grow naturally from humility and respect.
*Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute, Pune. After a certain level, most Iyengar Yoga Teachers come to Pune every two years or so to receive instruction directly from Geeta and Prashant Iyengar (daughter and son of BKS Iyengar) and their teaching staff.